The city has a total population of over 2 million and Muslims are around 96 to 97 percent of the total population. It has a playland for children, grassy lawns, fountains and flower beds. Rawalpindi is served by the Islamabad International Airport. Rawalpindi is adjacent to Pakistan's capital of Islamabad, and the two are jointly known as the "twin cities" on account of strong social and economic links between the cities. Detail Population of District Rawalpindi Census 2017 Independence.  Playland is another public park parallel to Ayub Park.  In June 2015, the Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus, a new bus rapid transit line with various points in Islamabad, opened for service. The third largest is Faisalabad, with a population of 3,204,726. Obviously, history cannot be changed, so the efforts have been switched to educating its population instead. , To the southeast are the ruins of the Mankiala stupa – a 2nd-century stupa where, according to the Jataka tales, a previous incarnation of the Buddha leapt off a cliff in order to offer his corpse to seven hungry tiger cubs. The 2019 population density in Pakistan is 281 people per Km 2 (728 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 770,880 Km2 (297,638 sq. By National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) [Pakistan], and ICF., Minnesota Population Center Submitted on: 01 May, 2020 Microdata Library, providing data on people living in developing countries, their institutions, their environment, their communities and the operation of their economies.  Gakhars fortified a nearby caravanserai, in the 16th century, transforming it into the Rawat Fort in order to defend the Pothohar plateau from Sher Shah Suri's forces. Country Population Rank. This statistic shows the total population of Pakistan from 2015 to 2020 with forecasts up to 2025.  Other temples are abandoned or were repurposed.  Britain's army elevated the city from a small town, to the third largest city in Punjab by 1921. Last collected in the year 2011, the population, at that point, stood at a reported 176,745,364. In 1765, the ruling Gakhars were defeated as the city came under Sikh rule, and eventually became a major city within the Sikh Empire based in Lahore. We cover new Student vacancies in Rawalpindi for fresh, trainees and experienced job seekers from all Pakistani papers for multinational private companies and government departments and upcoming jobs 2021. The motorway also links Rawalpindi to major cities in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, such as Charsadda and Mardan. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the total population of division was 10 million. Rawalpindi features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) with hot and wet summers, a cooler and drier winter. Average annual growth rate is 2.52 from 1998 to 2017. Rawalpindi city is the capital of the division. Gulraiz Housing Society, Korang Town, Agochs Town, Ghori Town, Pakistan Town, Judicial Town, Bahria Town which is the Asia's largest private colony, Kashmir Housing Society, Danial Town, Al-Haram City, Education City, Gul Afshan Colony, Allama Iqbal Colony. Back in 2001, the estimated population was around 142.5 million; the country, at that point, became the seventh most populated country in the entire world. As a result of these efforts, it is a lot poorer than what is was a long time ago. ISLAMABAD/RAWALPINDI - Following the confirmation of two Coronavirus cases in Pakistan, the health authorities yesterday started taking more drastic measures at hospitals as well as all entry and exit points in order to control further spread of the virus in the country. Rawalpindi's large Kalyan Das Temple from 1880 has been used as the "Gov't. Rawalpindi Urban Area Population Projections. Rawalpindi (/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/ or /rɔːlˈpɪndi/; Punjabi: راولپنڈى, Urdu: راولپنڈى, romanized: Rāwalpiṇḍī; pronounced [/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/] (listen)), commonly known as Pindi (Punjabi: پݨڈى, romanized: Piṇḍi), is a city and capital of Rawalpindi Division located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. less than 50% of its total water demand. On 27 December 2007, Rawalpindi was the site of the assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto..  The community had entirely emigrated to Israel by the 1960s. Having been the largest British Cantonment in the region at the dawn of Pakistan's independence, Rawalpindi was chosen as headquarters for the Pakistani Army, despite the fact that Karachi had been selected as the first capital..  The Baba Dyal Singh Gurdwara in Rawalpindi was where the reformist Nirankari movement of Sikhism originated.  A large portion of Kashmir's external trade passing through the city; in 1885, 14% of Kashmir's exports, and 27% of its imports passed through the city. Rawalpindi and its twin city Islamabad, during the year experiences an average of 91 thunderstorms, which is the highest frequency of any plain elevation city in the country. Country.  77.1% of Rawalpindi's students in Class 5 are able to read sentences in English. Peshawar's 2020 population is now estimated at 2,202,946.In 1950, the population of Peshawar was 152,825.Peshawar has grown by 69,564 since 2015, which represents a 3.26% annual change. When we consider the foreigners who live in Pakistan, a majority of them come from Afghanistan. Largest Cities in Pakistan # , Construction of Pakistan's new purpose-built national capital city of Islamabad in 1961 led to greater investment in the city, as well as a brief stint as the country's capital immediately before completion of Islamabad. There have been very drastic and dramatic social changes in Pakistan.  The city's Garrison Church was built shortly after in 1854, and is the site where Robert Milman, Bishop of Calcutta, was buried following his death in Rawalpindi in 1876. In 2019, after the Army Heritage Foundation took over Ayub park from Chaklala Cantonment Board, a new amusement park called JoyLand was opened on the site of a previously failed project. Television channels based in Rawalpindi include: In mid-2012 3D cinema, The Arena, started its operations in Bahria Town Phase-4 in Rawalpindi.. Finally becoming a sovereign state (and eventually recognized as an official mark on the map of the world) on August 14, 1947, this country is known for having deep roots in the Islamic religion. Population NaN; 1. The IJP Road separates Rawalpindi's northern edge from Islamabad.  The military dictatorship of General Zia ul Haq hanged Pakistan's deposed Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in Rawalpindi in 1979. , HMS Rawalpindi was launched as an ocean liner in 1925 by Harland and Wolff, the same company which built RMS Titanic. miles). The city is also home to numerous suburban housing developments that serve as bedroom-communities for workers in Islamabad. There are a large number of Cable TV service providers in the city such as Nayatel, PTCL, SA Cable Network and DWN. It covers an area of about 2,300 acres (930 ha) and has a play area, lake with boating facility, an aquarium, a garden-restaurant and an open-air theater. Total population of Rawalpindi according to the census of 2017 is over 2.1 million. Official postal code for city of Rawalpindi is 44000 and 46000 and dialing code is 051. RAWALPINDI: With 11 people ... A total of 204 patients were reported from a population of 10,090 in these areas with 133 patients surfacing in the last two weeks alone. The Karachi population figure as per the 2017 census is 14,910,352 while that of Lahore is 11,126,285. , In the years following independence, Rawalpindi saw an influx of Muhajir, Pashtun and Kashmiri settlers.  It was built in the Kabarri Bazaar in 1897. , During the Mughal era, Rawalpindi remained under the rule of the Ghakhar clan, who in turn pledged allegiance to the Mughal Empire. 96.8% of Rawalpindi's population is Muslim, 2.47% is Christian, 0.73% belong to other religious groups.  The city's administration was handed to Sardar Milkha Singh, who then invited traders from the neighbouring commercial centers of Jhelum and Shahpur to settle in the territory in 1766. English is widely spoken throughout the government of Pakistan, mainly because it is actually the official language of the government of the country. TOP 10 MOST POPULOUS COUNTRIES (July 1, 2020) Rank. ; Pakistan population is equivalent to 2.83% of the total world population. Balochi, Brahvi, Balti, Hunzai, Kohistani, Khowar, Shina, Sindhi and Punjabi speakers are found. Major intersections in the neighbourhood are each referred to as a chowk. The Commissioner's headquarters are at Rawalpindi and Murree. , Rawalpindi declined in importance as Mughal power declined, until the town was captured in the mid 1760s from Muqarrab Khan by the Sikhs under Sardar Gujjar Singh and his son Sahib Singh.  27% of children in Rawalpindi attend paid private schools.. Islamabad 's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,129,198. The Islamabad Expressway connects Rawalpindi's eastern portions with the Rawal Lake and heart of Islamabad. The stations is served by the Awam Express, Hazara Express, Islamabad Express, Jaffar Express, Khyber Mail trains, and serves as the terminus for the Margalla Express, Mehr Express, Rawal Express, Pakistan Express, Subak Raftar Express, Green Line Express, Sir Syed Express, Subak Kharam Express, and Tezgam trains.  In 1901, Rawalpindi was made the winter headquarters of the Northern Command and of the Rawalpindi military division. The largest ethnic group in Pakistan consists of those of Punjabi ethnicity, while Pashtuns and Sindhis are the second and third largest ethnic groups in the country, respectively. The average annual rainfall is 1,200 mm (47 in), most of which falls in the summer monsoon season.  The Sikh Empire then came to an end on 29 March 1849. In the year 1984, the life expectancy of a Pakistani citizen was only at 56.9 years. If these numbers do not improve, then the people of Pakistan will actually see their life expectancy rate dip back down to the numbers of the mid 1990’s (59 years of age). The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340. In summer, the record maximum temperature has soared to 48.4 °C (119 °F) recorded in June 1954, while it has dropped to a minimum of −3.9 °C (25 °F) several occasions, though the last of which was in January 1967. Qandeel Secondary School for the Blind" since 1973. The M-2 motorway offers high speed access to Lahore via the Potohar Plateau and Salt Range. miles). (These numbers are according to the National Institute of Population Studies.). , Rawalpindi is situated near the Ayub National Park formerly known as 'Topi Rakh' (keep the hat on) is by the old Presidency, between the Murree Brewery Co. and Grand Trunk Road. The road is roughly paralleled by the M-1 Motorway between Peshawar and Rawalpindi, while the M-2 Motorway provides an alternate route to Lahore via the Salt Range.  Each Mohallah has narrow gallies, and the grouping of houses around short lanes and cul-de-sacs lends a sense of privacy and security to residents of each neighbourhood. , The first mention of Rawalpindi's earliest settlement dates from when Mahmud of Ghazni destroyed Rawalpindi and the town was restored by Gakhar chief Kai Gohar in the early 11th century. Rawalpindi railway station in the Saddar neighbourhood serves as a stop along Pakistan's 1,687 kilometres (1,048 mi)-long Main Line-1 railway that connects the city to the port city of Karachi to Peshawar. Nigeria: 213,986,428 The population is predicted to near 210 million by 2020 and get to 245 million by 2030. Second is the language Saraiki, which is spoken by 10 percent of the population; and coming in third is the language Pashto, spoken by 15 percent of the population. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Rawalpindi newspapers including Jang, Express, The News, Nation, Dawn, Kawish, Nawaiwaqt, … The downside, unfortunately, is that doctors and nurses are still in short number for the citizens that need them. Rawalpindi is important city in Pakistan, UrduPoint provides local news of Rawalpindi on the UrduPoint Pakistan Section. With tree-lined avenues and historic architecture, the cantonment was the main European area developed during British colonial rule. It is considered to be one of the most highly advanced and highly developed civilizations of those ancient times.  Communal riots erupted between Rawalpindi's Sikh and Muslim communities in 1926 after Sikhs refused to silence music from a procession that was passing in front of a mosque. To break this down even more specifically, the population of Pakistan grew, on average, at a rate of 3 percent per year from 1951 until the middle of the 1980’s decade. As a result, Rawalpindi saw most major central government offices and institutions relocate to nearby territory, and its population rapidly expand. Islamabad Stock Exchange, founded in 1989, is Pakistan's third largest stock exchange after Karachi Stock Exchange and Lahore Stock Exchange, and was merged to form Pakistan Stock Exchange. ; Pakistan 2020 population is estimated at 220,892,340 people at mid year according to UN data. In the British era many churches were build for the British soldiers to come to the churches for Sunday prayer because  Rawalpindi's cantonment served as a feeder to other cantonments throughout the region. From the mid 1980’s until the year 2000, the growth of the population slowed down to about 2.6 percent per year; and from 2000 to 2012, to about 2 percent per year. The demographics of Rawalpindi District, a district of Punjab in Pakistan, has undergone significant changes over the years.It has been affected by turmoil in the surrounding districts. The city's Babu Mohallah neighbourhood was once home to a community of Jewish traders that had fled Mashhad, Persia in the 1830s. Pakistan’s prison population increased in the early months of the pandemic, according to a report on the country’s prisons. Numerous civil and military buildings were built during the British era, and the Municipality of Rawalpindi was constituted in 1867, while the city's population as per the 1868 census was 19,228, with another 9,358 people residing in the city's cantonment. Largest Cities in Pakistan # By National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) [Pakistan], and ICF., Minnesota Population Center Submitted on: 01 May, 2020 Microdata Library, providing data on people living in developing countries, their institutions, their environment, their communities and the operation of their economies. Over the next ten years, the estimated population grew by about 34 million people. 2020 : 2,237,000 +6.6%: Source: Religion. Which are the famous mosques in Rawalpindi?  By 1921, Rawalpindi's cantonment had overshadowed the city - Rawalpindi was one of seven cities of Punjab in which over half the population lived in the cantonment district.  The city was destroyed during the invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni before being taken over by Gakhars in 1493. The city's Kohaati Bazaar is site of large Shia mourning-processions for Ashura. Retrieved 6 December 2015. The Hazara Motorway is also under construction as part of CPEC, and will provide control-access motorway travel all the way to Mansehra via the M-1 or Grand Trunk Road. , With the onset of chaos and rivalry between Gakhar chiefs after the death of Kamal Khan in 1559, Rawalpindi was awarded to Said Khan by the Mughal Emperor. The ship was converted into an armed vessel, and was sunk in October 1939. In Total population males are 2741872 , female are 2663075 and Shemale / Transgender are 686 . , Rawalpindi District is home to 2,463 government public schools, out of which 1706 are primary schools, 306 middle schools, 334 are high schools, while 117 are higher education colleges. South of Rawalpindi's historic core, and across the Lai Nullah, are the wide lanes of the Rawalpindi Cantonment.  The Commissariat Steam Flour Mills were the first such mills in Punjab, and supplied most of the needs of British cantonments throughout Punjab. There are approximately .6 beds per 1,000 individuals residing in Pakistan as well. As of the year 2002, the life expectancy has jumped up to 63 years of age.  The city was also connected to railways that offered connection to India and the northwest frontier in Peshawar in the 1880s. The Karakoram Highway provides access between Islamabad and western China, and an alternate route to Central Asia via Kashgar in the Chinese region of Xinjiang. Business Recorder. It is predicted that in about 35 years, if this growth continues, the population of Pakistan will eventually become double of what it was back in 2001. If you’ve traveled over any of these trains from this city to Lahore, do share your experience in the comments section below! Total population of Rawalpindi according to the census of 2017 is over 2.1 million. The current population of Pakistan is 222,827,460, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. There are 84% of population are Punjabi and 9% consist of Pashto people and 7% others. Policemen fired upon protestors, while Hindus and Sikhs fought against weaker Muslim counter-protestors. The population of Rawalpindi is 2,098,231 in 2017. There is only 1 nurse for every 3,700 people in the country. 96.8% of Rawalpindi's population is Muslim, 2.47% is Christian, 0.73% belong to other religious groups. It houses a state-of-the-art cinema, Cinepax, a Metro Cash and Carry supermart, an outlet of McDonald's, gaming lounges, Motion Rides and other recreational facilities. , On 10 April 1988, Rawalpindi's Ojhri Camp, an ammunition depot for Afghan mujahideen fighting against Soviet forces in Afghanistan, exploded and killed many in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Giving details of these losses, Farooq said that Neelum valley was the worst hit district in 2020 in terms of property losses. The city's Kohaati Bazaar is site of large Shia mourning-processions for Ashura.  In March 2003, Pakistani authorities captured Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, mastermind of the 11 September attacks in New York City. However, westerly disturbances also bring quite significant rainfall in the winter.  The city is also home to historic havelis and temples, and serves as a hub for tourists visiting Rohtas Fort, Azad Kashmir, Taxila and Gilgit-Baltistan. [original research?]  A spate of bombings in September 1987 took place in the city killing 5 people, in attacks that are believed to have been orchestrated by agents of Afghanistan's communist government. Many government officials, civil servants, and members of the military speak English in their daily conversations and their meetings.  In December 1585, the Emperor Akbar arrived in Rawalpindi, and remained in and around Rawalpindi for 13 years as he extended the frontiers of the empire, in an era described as a "glorious period" in his career as Emperor. The district has an area of 5,286 km 2 (2,041 sq mi). Hull, M. S. (2013). The reason for this slow population increase may be that the country spent a lot of time and effort to slow down the population growth.  Upgrading of the railway line will permit train travel at speeds of 160 kilometres per hour, versus the average 60 to 105 km per hour speed currently possible on existing track..  In 1959, the city became the interim capital of the country under Ayub Khan, who had sought the creation of a new planned capital of Islamabad in the vicinity of Rawalpindi. The access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation services are also important factors to consider in terms of quality of life. Rawalpindi is the fourth-largest city proper in Pakistan, while the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is also the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area. The Park was opened to the public in 1991. The district has an area of 5,286 km 2 (2,041 sq mi). Rawalpindi is the fourth largest city of Pakistan by population, and Rawalpindi-Islamabad as a metropolitan area is the third largest in the country. RAWALPINDI: With 11 people ... A total of 204 patients were reported from a population of 10,090 in these areas with 133 patients surfacing in the last two weeks alone. The city was conquered by the British Raj in 1849, and in 1851 became the largest garrison town of the British Indian Army. , On 5 March 1947, members of Rawalpindi's Hindu and Sikh communities took out a procession against the formation of a Muslim ministry within the Government of Punjab. City is located on the famous mountain range of pothohar. Rawalpindi hosts the fourth largest number of people in the country with a population of 2.098 million.  The city was home to 15,913 people in the 1855 census. 84% of the population is Punjabi, 9% is Pashtun, and 7% is from other ethnic groups. List of educational institutions in Rawalpindi, Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Rawalpindi, Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University, College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering, https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/603895-rawalpindi-has-4th-dc-in-a-short-span-of-time, "PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RESULTS OF 6TH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS-2017", "Rawalpindi | Meaning of Rawalpindi by Lexico", http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf, "Rawalpindi: History behind a bustling city", "History of Islamabad & Rawalpindi – Lonely Planet Travel Information", "Rawalpindi-Islamabad metro bus project not waterproof", "New Islamabad Airport: 'Faulty' airport design stirs Senate debate – The Express Tribune", "The havelis of Potohar: Pakistan's opportunity to promote heritage tourism", "The temples of Rawalpindi: Old wisdom in a new world", "Takshashila – World's Oldest University", "Imperial Gazetter of India, Volume 21, page 272 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library", "Rawalpindi Historic Urban Landscape Project", "UK tested poison gas on Indian soldiers", "No Morning English Daily Carried the News of Bhutto's Hanging", "5 killed, 16 hurt in Rawalpindi bus stop blast", "Ojhri disaster saw end of Junejo govt: Report", "Pakistan Refuses To Release 1988 Blast Reports To – Pakistani Military & Strategic Discussion Forum – Pakistani Defence Forum", "U.S. Officials Link Pakistan Blast to Kabul Regime", "Climate: Rawalpindi – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table", "Weather History for Islamabad, Pakistan | Weather Underground", "For the Sikhs in KP, Rawalpindi is their new home", "Krishna Temple- the only worship place for twin cities' Hindus", "A 200-year-old temple in Rawalpindi is a school for special children", "Pindi's architectural heritage – II: The sacred banyan tree and the neglected Hindu temples", "Pakistan to get Chinese funds for upgrading rail links, building pipeline", "Karachi-Peshawar railway line being upgraded under CPEC", "About Bahria Town Rawalpindi – Bahria Town – Your Lifestyle Destination", "Eid festivity: Picnics, sightseeing and a lot of swings for the young ones – The Express Tribune", "Digital fountain installed at Jinnah Park | Provinces", "Two tiger cubs draw crowds to Rawalpindi park – The Express Tribune", "Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif parks renamed", "Annual Status of Education Report – 2015", "Pakistan's first gold class 3D cinema: 'The Arena' opened at Bahria Town", "Amusement park in Pindi returns with a revamped look", City District Government Rawalpindi, Official Website, archived at 13 March 2008, Rawalpindi (Pakistan) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rawalpindi&oldid=999843820, Populated places established in the 1490s, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rawalpindi Public Park (previously Nawaz Sharif Park, renamed Iqbal Park in 2019. 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