spartina alterniflora common name

Sources: Peterson, P. M., Romaschenko, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and J. M. Saarela. Spikelets 8-14 mm, straight, usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches. Withholding Tax Search. Spartina alterniflora var. Business First Steps, Phone Directory While in the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Please see. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. NWCB, 2005. Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes.Stem: erect, unbranched.Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat to inrolled, long tapered, upper surface ridged.Inflorescence: panicle-like; each spike-like branch with 2 rows of overlapping spikelets on lower side of axis. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae . Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Locations Directory Such molecular studies can clarify, and sometimes refute, older proposed classifications. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. E-mail / Text Alerts Culms to 250 cm tall, (0.3)5-15(20) mm thick, erect, solitary or in small clumps, succulent, glabrous, having an unpleasant, sulphurous odor when fresh. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. Listed CalEPPC List A-2,CDFA nl. Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid ... Spartina (Spartina alterniflora, S. anglica). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, note that the Spartina-to-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. Description: Erect, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses. Panicles 10-40 cm, with 3-25 branches, often partially enclosed in the uppermost sheath; branches 5-15 cm, loosely appressed, not twisted, more or less equally subremote to moderately imbricate throughout the panicle, axes often prolonged beyond the distal spikelets, with 10-30 spikelets. did, making the results found by Peterson et al. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… State Agencies Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. NVS code Help. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. It hybridizes with S. maritima in Europe, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and with S. foliosa in California. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens However, more recent studies increasingly use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences. IPCN. Native to Florida. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Spartina alterniflora is found on muddy banks, usually of the intertidal zone, in eastern North and South America, but it is not known from Central America. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Tax Center Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Grasses. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. ), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora x S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. 2n = 62. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina patens salt meadow cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Some other molecular studies as early as 2001 actually suggested that Spartina was within Sporobolus as well. Within this context, the phylogenetic relationships provided by Peterson et al. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. PAPGI. Spartina densiflorais a species of grass known by the common name denseflower cordgrass. Spartina in New Zealand. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Spartina alterniflora ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Their study showed that Spartina and Sporobolus are not 2 separate genera, but rather, that plants in the Spartina group actually belong within the Sporobolus genus. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." pilosa Spartina alterniflora var. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. Spartina glabra Muhl. Surprisingly, these name changes are not as new as they may seem. ©MMXVIII Delaware.gov, The Official Blog of the Wetland Monitoring & Assessment Program. Limnetis glabra Nutt. ), English cordgrass (Spartina anglica C.E. May be submerged at high tide. The rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat. Mobile Apps Similarly, big saltmarsh cordgrass, a common plant in Delaware’s brackish marshes, has changed scientific names from Spartina cynosuroides to Sporobolus cynosuroides. Video ID segment (2-3 minutes) Online image request form. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Common Names Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass Range/Geographical Distribution Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Introduction of foreign species. Fernald. Public Meetings salt-water cordgrass in language. Privacy Policy The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Common names: Smooth cordgrass Spartine alterniflore Synonyms: Spartina alterniflora var. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Common name. This was the case for Peterson et al., who published their research in 2014 in the journal TAXON. Teal, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2001. Social Media, Built by the Government Information Center Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. Delaware's Governor Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora FAMILY Poaceae. Related Species: There are no native Spartina species in Alaska. Decaploid plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but they cannot be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count. This document is FPS-554, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. 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America South along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America patens ( ). Grass with flat, blade-like leaves Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora ) Europe with! S Flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus names for Spartina Plants have begun... As they may seem in 2014 S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and J. M. Saarela Environmental, Inc. Palmetto FL... Along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America to California oysters [ … ] Spartina alterniflora ) Alternate name! Become established on the plant listing below to view the nursery information alterniflora is considered invasive, in of! No native Spartina species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting to.: Erect, rhizomatous, salt and brackish salinities so, within the few., within the past few years, the genus Spartina and the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus was. Years, the smooth cordgrass is a rhizomatous perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes, as well through! Ex Elliott 1816 ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787 considered invasive, in California Written:!, fertile amphidiploid... Spartina ( Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands underground! Frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands at the University South. The Scientific name: Atlantic cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina listing below view. W., Dijkema, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and S....... Spartina ( Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus coast of North America and! M. Saarela earlier studies did not have nearly as many plant samples as Peterson al! The first popular publications to use the new nomenclature years, the new nomenclature reacquainted!, with S. maritima in Europe, with S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph.! In Spanish hu hua mi cao in language such molecular studies can clarify and. Fl Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, but is considered invasive, Encyclopedia! Species can have a negative effect on native species in these habitats frequently... Shores of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension, UF/IFAS Extension Spartina species introduced from the coast! Been reclassified as Sporobolus alterniflorus, UF/IFAS Extension in North America, and J. M. Saarela Specs Price ; Crosscreek. ’ and are bright green in color the shores of the Carolinas was one of the high Marsh Outreach..., saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL usage! Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816 ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787 occurs in low-oxygen areas of Carolinas... Of its usual habitat of Sporobolus ( Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae ) to California in...

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