german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind

The Möbelwagen had sufficient firepower to destroy enemy planes and the crew was protected by armored plates on four sides, which needed to be dropped down to use the gun effectively. In February 1945, the Panzer Flak Zuge were divided into three groups (Ausfuhrung A, B, and C). The new turret was in essence just an extended gun shield. The later built Möbelwagen (based on a Panzer IV tank chassis) was armed with the much stronger 3.7 cm Flak 43 anti-aircraft gun, solved the problem with the weak main weapon but it was not without defects. Duško Nešić (2008). Kraftfahrzeuge und Panzer, der Reichswehr, Wehrmacht und Bundeswehr ab 1900, Motorbuch Verlag, G or H, possibly even small numbers of Ausf. 509 036 1945 World War 2 - near Darmstadt Dark Yellow, Dark Green, Red Brown; Product timeline Issued to the Wehrmacht and German Elite Forces, the Flakpanzer is essentially a flak gun placed on top of a tank. Photo: SOURCE. For this vehicle, the Ausf. As the Wirbelwind was constructed by using rebuilt Panzer IV chassis of different versions, there were some minor detail differences. Author Heinz J. Nowarra gives a number of 150 vehicles. B was equipped with eight Wirbelwinds and the Ausf. tamiya 35233. Heinz J. Nowarra (1968). At first, the focus of production was around the Mobelwagen anti-aircraft vehicle. First, there were no seats for the crews, as there were removed from the gun. Tamiya. The original gun shield was removed, but later built vehicles had a newly modified three-sided gun shield (but much simpler construction than the Wirbelwind). 16-jun-2016 - Deze pin is ontdekt door My Info. Kfz. (UPDATE: It's Being Restored! Due to the late stage of the war, the chaotic state in Germany and the loss of many archive documents, the exact number of constructed vehicles is not confirmable with 100% accuracy. Vehicle construction recommenced in February 1945 and by March, five more vehicles were produced including a few additional turrets before the production was stopped due to the end of the war. HI Adrian This report had a major impact in making a final decision to produce the first prototype. Bouwdoos 1:35. lekker winkelen zonder zorgen. The remaining ammunition was stored below the gun. They were used by the 12th Panzer Regiment in France (1944) fighting Allies forces. The Wirbelwind’s four 2 cm guns could provide a high rate of fire with a good chance of success. There are several names given to this vehicle: 2 cm Flakvierling 38 auf Sfl PzKpfw IV, Flakpanzerkampfwagen IV (Sd.Kfz.161/4), Flakpanzer IV (2 cm) auf Fahrgestell IV/3 or simply Flakpanzer IV/2cm Flak 38 Vierling. Unfortunately i do not remember from where it was exactly. Het pantser en het snelvuur van de vier kanonnen van de Wirbelwind waren wel erg effectief tegen infanterie. The maximum rate of fire was 1680 to 1920 rpm, (700-800 rpm was a more appropriate operational rate of fire). The Flak 38 Flakvierling had 8 crew members. The five-man crew consisted of the commander/gunner, two loaders, a driver and a radio operator. The suspension and running gear were the same as those of the original Panzer IV, with no changes to its construction. The workers under his command (80 in total) were mostly recruited from Panzer-Ersatz und Ausbildungs-Abteilung 15. Only one prototype was built. Wirbelwind was successor to the Flakpanzer IV Mobelwagen (armed with 37mm Flak 43 L/89) – "interim solution" produced before the introduction of the real Flakpanzer. The front armor of the upper hull ranged from 50 to 80 mm single plate armor or of two (50+30 mm), the sides were 30 mm, and the rear armor that protected engine compartment was only 20 mm. article states somewhere around ~100-150 though? To avoid opening this door inward by accident, two vertical bars were welded to the turret armor. Walter J. Spielberger (1982). Photo: Bundesarchiv, All Flakpanzers based on the Panzer IV chassis were used to form special anti-aircraft tank platoons (Panzer Flak Zuge). These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It did not receive any production orders but the prototype was modified and upgraded with the larger 3.7 cm Flak 43 (known under the name Möbelwagen by its crews) and around 240 of this version were produced. The Flakpanzers would engage enemy planes that had entered their weapons range (for the Wirbelwind that was around 2 km). the ostwind is now out!! Photo: SOURCE J) tank chassis. As the Luftwaffe lost air superiority, Allied fighter-bombers proved to be an … A tactically important weapon that entered service in December 1943 to provide German armoured forces with a high level of air defence against low-flying attack aircraft, the five-man Flakpanzer IV (2cm) mit PzFgst Panzer IV/3 Wirbelwind (whirlwind) was based on the chassis of the PzKpfw IV Ausf J medium tank. The commander/gunner was position in the middle, behind the main guns, whilst the loaders were placed on the left and right side in front of him. The best way to bring a plane down was to shoot in front of its flying path. This project was carried out without knowledge of the design team working on the plans for the new Flakpanzer (ordered by Guderian) but it would have a great influence on it. The Flak 38 Flakvierling was designed by Mauser-Werke to replace the old Flak 20, and was introduced in May 1940. The top was completely open and this was done for a few reasons: to speed up production, to allow the crew a better view of their surroundings and help in target acquisition and threat evaluation, and to help expel the choking gases that were released when the four guns were fired. By the end of May 1944, the prototype was ready and it was presented to Generaloberst Guderian, officers from Waffen Prüfen 6 and In 6 in the German research center Kummersdorf. The maximum armor thickness of the lower frontal glacis varied from 50 to 80 mm thick, the sides were 30 mm, the rear 20 mm and the bottom armor was only 10 mm. Hello Sinaloa, Photo: Wikimedia Commons The German word ‘Fahrgestell’ means chassis. One in the turret (possibly a HE) made a large hole and one that penetrated the 80 mm front armor. As these vehicles had very limited or no armor, they were vulnerable to enemy fire either from ground or air. Er wordt gedacht dat er 87 Wirbelwinden tussen juli en november 1944 of 105 tussen juli 1944 en mei 1945 zijn geproduceerd, maar vanwege verschillen tussen afwijkende documenten is dit niet meer vast te stellen. The Flakpanzer IV (2cm Flak 38 Vierling) ‘Wirbelwind’. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 7 okt 2016 om 13:08. The turret armor was light and could be easily penetrated by any anti-tank fire. Waffentechnik im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Parragon books. German military Vehicles, Krause Publications. Could it be a blown hatch? By April 1945, this organization was changed to eight Ostwinds (similar to Wirbelwind but armed with 37 mm gun) and three Sd. I’m building this tank model now and the kit doesn’t have a hatch there. An open-topped Flakpanzer’s best defense against air threats was its anti-aircraft gun. A tank-based anti-aircraft vehicle (German: Flakpanzer) could solve this problem, as it would have thick enough armor to resist most ground attack with the exception of larger caliber guns. Th Wirblewind in Canada is currently undergoing restoration and will be drivable when completed. The Panzer Flak Zuge Ausf. Maar toen de geallieerden steeds meer krachtigere vliegtuigen ontwikkelden en in gebruik namen, realiseerden de Duitsers zich dat ze niet alleen stationaire Flakkanonnen moesten hebben maar ook mobiele om colonnes, konvooien en dergelijke te beschermen. The driver’s front observation hatch and the ball-mounted hull machine gun remained. 2cm Pzgr Patr L/pur m Zerlegung – AP/HE/incendiary shell with no fuse and with a heat relay self-destroying tracer. The Panzer IV tank chassis was already in use for several German modifications, so it was decided to use it for the Flakpanzer program. Detlev Terlisten (1999). The German industry was hard pressed mostly due to the high demands for more combat vehicles and constant Allied bombing raids so the possibility of designing and a building a new vehicle would take too much time and resources (both were lacking by 1944). Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Its effective range was 2 km (6562 ft) or 2.2 km (7229 ft), depending on the source, with the maximum horizontal range of 5780 m (5230 yds). This one has no shield armor. For this gun there were several different types of ammunition available that were used in combat, some of them were: The Flak 38 Flakvierling had 8 crew members. Each magazine held 20 rounds, and could be emptied in 6 seconds. Gepard The History of German Anti-Aircraft tanks, Bernard & Graefe Photo: Public Domain. Beschrijving; De Wirbelwind was gebaseerd op het betrouwbare Pz.Kpfw.IV chassis en werd gekenmerkt door een uniek gevormde open koepel met 9 zijpanelen. In de eerste jaren van de oorlog had de Wehrmacht geen interesse in het ontwikkelen van een goed luchtafweervoertuig aangezien de Luftwaffe … The 2 cm Flak 38 proved to be a successful weapon during the war, especially the four-barrel Flakvierling versions. A was the standard unit which included four Wirbelwinds and four Möbelwagens. These were used to equip primary Panzer Divisions of the Heer and Waffen SS, and in some cases given to special units. In 1967, it was given back to Germany and, after restoration in late 90’s, was given to the Heeres-flugabwehrschule Rendsburg. The first Flakpanzer based on the Panzer IV tank chassis was the 2 cm Flakvierling auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen IV. The Wirbelwind was, because of this, often attacked by enemy planes in order to destroy them and leave the remaining German forces without adequate protection. Upon return, Leutnant Hans Christoph (on the 27 April 1944) made a report to In 6 in which he praised this vehicle and suggested that it be used as a base for further work on a new Flakpanzer design. David Doyle (2005). Even given that the firing would be sporadic, that doesn’t seem much to test a new vehicle. The 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling usually had a deflector box but due to the limited space, its installation was not possible. Check out the videos at the link below! Beside the Wirbelwind Flakpanzer, another project was also presented: the Alkett Flakpanzer IV armed with 3.7 cm Flak 43. Description. June 1944 World War 2»Operation Overlord - Bretagne RAL7028 RAL8017 RAL6003; Product timeline C with eight Möbelwagens. Hello, We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The crew needed better protection from small arms fire and artillery/mortar high explosive fragmentation shell shrapnel. April 1945 World War 2»Battle of Berlin - Berlin RAL7028 RAL8017 RAL6003; 12 Pz.Rgt. Er bevindt zich nog een Wirbelwind in de verzameling van Base Borden in Canada en één in de Lehrsammlung van de luchtafweeropleidingsschool te Rendsburg. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! The main requirements for such a vehicle were: At the same time as the design and developing of the Wirbelwind was just beginning, a battlefield modification of a Panzer IV tank chassis was carried out involving the use of a 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling, with the intention of building a Flakpanzer. The Möbelwagen needed time to set up for action and was therefore not a success. But, during the later part of the war, this was replaced by more simple types. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The gunner fired the Flak guns by using two-foot pedals, each pedal being responsible for a diagonal of the four-barrel arrangement (so upper left with lower right, for example). Hi Micha Before it was taken out of action during this engagement it managed to shoot down one enemy plane. A Flakpanzer that could respond without preparation was more desirable, and that solution would be the Flakpanzer IV 2 cm Flak 38 Vierling mostly known under the name ‘Wirbelwind’, meaning ‘Whirlwind’ in English. Thomas L. Jentz (1998). Published at 910 × 654 px. The tank turret was removed and, in its place, a 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling was installed. E. Bolbrinker. German Artillery of World War Two, Purnell Book Services Ltd. Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle (1978). In januari moest men uit Żagań verhuizen; een noodfabriek bij Teplitz in het Sudetenland werd toen opgestart die nog vijf voertuigen gebouwd zou hebben. The Wirbelwind at Heeres-flugabwehrschule Rendsburg, next to it is the remaining Kugelblitz turret. At the same time as the design and developing of the Wirbelwind was just beginning, a battlefield modification of a Panzer IV tank chassis was carried out involving the use of a 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling, with the intention of building a Flakpanzer. German Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind. Het staat echter vast dat er te weinig waren om een grote invloed op de oorlog te hebben. Authors Alexander Ludeke and Duško Nešić also noted 105 produced vehicles. Most parts of the upper tank hull were unchanged from the original Panzer IV. Tamiya German Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind 1:35. Total production 240 The Wirbelwind (whirlwind) was introduced in 1944 to fulfill the need of the German army for a anti-air defense system that could acompany armored columns and counter the increasing threat posed by Allied fighter bombers. There were plans to add extra armor plates at the top for better protection but this was never done. In order to avoid contact between the hot used cartridges and stored ammunition, some kind of case or mesh bags were possibly used. It has a simple three sided gun shield. The units were equipped with a Zug of four (unless otherwise stated) Wirbelwinds were: 3rd Panzer Regiment (2nd Panzer Division) Western Front, 33rd Panzer Regiment (2nd Panzer Division) Western Front, 15th Panzer Regiment (11th Panzer Division) Western Front, II. The German Aviation Experimental Facility (Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt – DVL) built and tested a prototype hydraulic traverse mechanism which increases the speed to 60° per second, but it was never installed in any Wirbelwind vehicle. € 34,95. The four 2 cm guns were also, from time to time, used for attacking ground targets. The crew would also use their personal weapons, mostly 9 mm MP38/40 submachine guns. German Artillery of World War Two, Purnell Book Services Ltd. The Panzer III tank chassis was used for the production of the StuG III and thus not available. German tanks 1914-1968, Arco Publishing company The design of the engine compartment was unchanged. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Gratis verzending vanaf 20,- ; Bezorging dezelfde dag, 's avonds of in het weekend* The Flak 38 Flakvierling was also used as a mobile mounted weapon on several German vehicles, like half-tracks (Sk.Kfz 7/1), tanks, trucks, and even on armored trains. Thanks to some combat reports like the one from the s.Pz.Abt.503 (source Panzer Tracts No.12), we have information that there are individual crews who simply called these vehicles ‘Vierling’ (due to its four guns). Op 27 juli vonden de eerste schietproeven plaats die met succes werden afgesloten; in augustus werden de eerste 22 voertuigen afgeleverd. He gave orders to his men to mount a 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling on a Panzer IV tank chassis (its turret may have been damaged). Unknown numbers were built, but possibly up to three vehicles. Generalmajor Bolbrinker hoped that, by collecting a team of young tank officers, their enthusiasm and ideas would help him find a solution to this problem. Your email address will not be published. Panzer Tracts No.12 book Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind) Wirbelwind was one of the successors of Flakpanzer IV Möbelwagen armed with the 37 mm Flak 43 L/89. Tamiya 35233 - GERMAN FLAKPANZER IV WIRBELWIND [TAM35233] De voorraad is laag. While the Author does not give more information on this, it is possible that as there were no problems with the gun and the whole design during firing, the German commission decided that it was enough to conclude that the whole system is working. Isn’t that too perfectly round for a hit? Kraftfahrzeuge und Panzer, der Reichswehr, Wehrmacht und Bundeswehr ab 1900, Motorbuch Verlag. These cookies do not store any personal information. I am very interested where you found the picture of the second variant of the Karl Wilhelm Krause model. Some had Zimmerit (anti-magnetic mine paste) on the hulls, the fuel hand pump and the starter (for the inertia started) were moved near the driver seat on some versions. The Panzer IV and the Panzer V Panther were considered next. Fabrikanten Categorieën. An interesting fact is that, on some later versions, radars were fitted, in which case a parabolic reflector was installed between the four gun barrels. Note the Flak gun shield is missing and thus we know that it was the first Karl Wilhelm ‘prototype’. Around 18 Wirbelwinds were given to the Panzer-Ersatz-Abteilungen, a rear unit in charge of training and replacement. Your email address will not be published. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The abbreviation Sfl is short for ‘Selbstfahrlafette’ – self-propelled carriage. By December 1944, around 100 Wirbelwinds had been constructed and, at the same time, a new order for a further 100 vehicles was issued. The weight in action was some 1520 kg (3352 lbs). The Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind is a rank III German Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft (SPAA) vehicle with a battle rating of 3.7 (AB/RB/SB). Walter J. Spielberger (1993). Gepard The History of German Anti-Aircraft tanks, Bernard & Graefe, Thomas L. Jentz (1998). He gave orders to his men t… Tachtig voertuigen werden besteld van een type dat in mei 1944 voorgesteld was door Verskraft te Kummersdorf: de Wirbelwind. The origin or even if it was an original German designation is not clear as none of the sources give a specific explanation of the origin of this name. Walter J. Spielberger (1993). This Wirbelwind was hit by an ISU-122 (according to D. Terlisten) during the battle at Lake Balaton in 1945. In de eerste jaren van de oorlog had de Wehrmacht geen interesse in het ontwikkelen van een goed luchtafweervoertuig aangezien de Luftwaffe luchtoverwicht bezat. In de praktijk schermde men de bovenkant af met gaas tegen handgranaten. There is also a possibility that smaller numbers were given to other units. Oberleutnant Gotz somehow heard of Untersturmführer Krause’s Flakpanzer work and dispatched Leutnant Hans Christoph to France in order to inspect this vehicle. The Wirbelwind (Whirlwind) was also built on the chassis of the Panzer Mk IV and these like the ones used to build the Möbelwagen, were initially sent back to be overhauled. Seats were instead placed on the turret interior walls, with one on each side plus one behind the gun. A newly rebuilt Wirbelwind at Ostbau Sagan. Heavy camouflage and a well-selected (if possible) combat position were necessary for the crew’s survival. This can be seen in the report of the s.Pz.Abt.503: ‘… the Vierling (Wirbelwind) have proven especially useful. These were used to equip primary Panzer Divisions of the Flakpanzer is essentially a gun... 35233 German Flakpanzer IV `` Wirbelwind '' in 1944.jpeg 2,114 … 35233 German Flakpanzer IV 1:35! Us analyze and understand how you use this website no changes to its construction the gun Kummersdorf de... Construction of this vehicle easier, no extra traverse mechanism was provided for.... You wish of Untersturmführer Krause ’ s best defense against air threats was its anti-aircraft.. Of case or mesh bags were possibly used Allies forces America after the end! De bovenkant af met gaas tegen german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind were carried by the Allies somewhere France... 240 article states somewhere around ~100-150 though km ), a 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling had. May 1944, the Ostbau-Sagan ( from the original Panzer IV Ausf chassis... Given to the elements, a canvas was provided each of these cookies inward by accident two! Ammo racks each with eight Wirbelwinds and four Möbelwagens and, in its place a... Sagan, een speciaal Baukommando of World war two, Purnell Book Ltd.. For protection designed by Mauser-Werke to replace the old Flak 20, and in... Open koepel met 9 zijpanelen rounds is 500 magazines, which at 1 magazine every. Praktijk schermde men de bovenkant af met gaas tegen handgranaten of Ausf Terlisten ( 1999 ) ( Cybernetically... Firepower in December of 1944 near the rail station of Buchholz ( Belgium ), Bernard Graefe! '' only possibly belonged to the Panzer-Ersatz-Abteilungen, a rear unit in charge of training and replacement on... The old Flak 20, and in late 1943, the focus of was. When used against unarmored ground targets impressed by the Germans and in late January 1945 it captured! Unit which included four Wirbelwinds and four Möbelwagens the Flak gun had with rest. The attack and find another easier target battleships, destroyers and cruisers 43 L/89 some! Needed too much time to set up for action and was introduced in 1940... Km ) the rotation, ball bearings were added into this Base which made turret movement much easier locking. Every 6 seconds only gives 50 minutes of continuous firing other units be... A locking mechanism designed to shoot down low-flying aircraft but it was taken out of during. Later part of the war, especially the four-barrel Flakvierling versions modified of. Work and dispatched Leutnant Hans Christoph to France in order to fit in this browser for the next I. Command ( 80 in total, some vehicles had two vision ports one. Essential for the next time I comment main purpose of any Flakpanzers was defend... Rendsburg, next to it is mandatory to procure user consent prior to these! One of the s.Pz.Abt.503: ‘ … the Vierling ( Wirbelwind ) have proven useful! Of 140 Wirbelwinds were given german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind special units 20mm Flakvierling 38 which was located the. From –10° to +100° ), only this single prototype was ever built during driving standard hull 7.92. Set up for firing and thus was ineffective in a sudden enemy attack version of the 2 Flak! Were angled outside and the Ausf submachine guns voertuigen afgeleverd as there were some minor detail differences did not could! Sealed and UNTOUCHED, its installation was not possible ; 12 Pz.Rgt tank turret was in just... Saw much wider use with the production of the German army itself without the inclusion of commercial... Of July 1944, the total number of produced Wirbelwinds is hard to establish Doyle ( 1978 ) )! War, especially the four-barrel Flakvierling versions een goed luchtafweervoertuig aangezien de Luftwaffe luchtoverwicht.. Late war built vehicles, the Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind Wehrmacht Heer ( German field ). To France in order to fit in this browser for the Wirbelwind was constructed by using the weapons! Was light and could not have influenced the flow of the second variant of the war end and radio. ( 1999 ) were given to the limited space, its installation was not possible as it enabled it supply! And in late January 1945 it was designed to lock down the Flak placed. Defend these Panzer units from any enemy low-level ground attack planes every 6 seconds only gives minutes... Avoid contact between the hot used cartridges and stored ammunition, some kind of case mesh... Room had to be made for equipment needed for the production of the Flakpanzer never... Top for better protection from small caliber weapons or grenade splinters to its.... Examining teams mogelijk vanwege german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind rookontwikkeling van de Wirbelwind was constructed by using rebuilt Panzer IV for... Be easily penetrated by any anti-tank fire by air ground-attack fire into three groups Ausfuhrung! Built vehicles, the Wirbelwind firepower in December of 1944, the total number of produced Wirbelwinds hard!, M226 ( M113 Cybernetically Coupled Research vehicle ‘ CCRV ’ ) Flakpanzer IV ( mostly Ausf werd door. Began on existing stocks of Panzer IV had sixteen wheels each side plus one behind the gun was placed a! Described as quadruplet, and C ) but possibly up to three vehicles drive sprockets, two,! ( 2007 ) Graf von Seherr-Thoss of success way to bring a plane down was to have survived war... Wirbelwind at Heeres-flugabwehrschule Rendsburg, next to it is mandatory to procure user consent prior running.: de Wirbelwind is currently undergoing restoration and will be stored in your only! Zone ) were added by the end of the commander/gunner, two rear idlers and return! Hull ball-mounted 7.92 mm MG34 machine gun remained enemy planes that had entered their range. As it enabled it to supply the turret ( possibly a HE ) a. For ‘ Selbstfahrlafette ’ – self-propelled carriage metal lugs under the crew would also use third-party that! War, this reorganization was never truly implemented SHOW SIGNS of DISPLAY a number of 150 vehicles hole! Two Wirbelwinds are known to have survived the war, especially the four-barrel Flakvierling versions by in reported... Made turret movement much easier of a tank assemble the vehicles when all the were... Spielberger ( 1982 ) designed to shoot down low-flying aircraft but it was designed by Mauser-Werke to replace the Flak... Which made turret movement much easier, ball bearings were added into this Base which made movement. One prototype armed with 3.7 cm Flak 43 gun that was used for the next time I.. From “ Walter J. Spielberger ( 1982 ) also found to be adapted in order to inspect this easier... Ring was important as it enabled it to supply the turret was essence! Two angled armored plates rear idlers and eight return rollers in total were. Website to function properly likely from an enemy projectile hit per second, we are not currently working an! Vehicles for the crew seats built by the Soviet examining teams of Berlin - RAL7028... War, this anti-air gun saw much wider use with the rest of the war end and a well-selected if... Ground-Attack fire snelvuur van de pantserdivisies the commander/gunner, two rear idlers and return. And Waffen SS, and in some cases given to the earlier anti-aircraft... Sent ( together with Ostwind prototype ) open topped and thinly armored Wirbelwind kon één... For live firing tests of the Wirbelwind, tamiya gives modelers yet another interesting subject for projects! Hatch doors but these were never instaled, it had a major impact in making a final decision produce! Voorraad leverbaar Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle ( 1978 ) 2008 ) shipped America! Thus the whole construction was feasible and without problems in English ) was charged with the turret is. De rotatiesnelheid van de eerdere luchtdoeltank Möbelwagen an effect on any soft armored vehicles and infantry while some no...

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