on style susan sontag summary

But few address themselves to the positive consequences of what they seem to have agreed to. Quotations by Susan Sontag, American Author, Born January 16, 1933. Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. I think Sontag felt the need to underscore her case by overvaluing form above content. On this issue a pious consensus prevails. Her Life and Work. Change style powered by CSL. By Susan Sontag * It would hard to find any reputable literary critic today who would care to be caught defending as an idea the old antithesis of style versus content. A man who’d been a classmate in grade school remembered being accosted one day in the yard by Susan Sontag… I’ve heard numerous SF critics (Mamatas, Duncan, and Delany) explain how style is not simply something that is layered on top of content and how books are really nothing but style. Luckily, her diaries record her fascinating and intimate reflections upon the origins of literary creativity and the writing life. 2016. The matter, the subject, is on the outside; the style is on the inside. ... John Berger And Susan Sontag / … Susan Sontag (1933–2004) was the author of numerous works of nonfiction, including the groundbreaking collection of essays, Against Interpretation (FSG, 1966), and of four novels, including In America (FSG, 2000), which won the National Book Award. On Photography Summary. Susan Sontag. Illness as Metaphor. Born Susan Rosenblatt (1933-2004) to Lithuanian Jewish parents, Susan and her only son David Rieff would unapologetically change their given family name to Sontag. Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (The Ladies of the Park) . The earliest theory of art, that of the Greek philosophers, proposed that art was mimesis, imitation of reality. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Against Interpretation and Other Essays. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Susan Sontag (/ ˈ s ɒ n t æ ɡ /; January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist. Here are the films discussed in the below essay: Les Anges du Peché (The Angels of Sin). In "Against Interpretation" Susan Sontag takes a stand against the ancient trend of "interpretation." but which remain in perpetual danger of being compromised by art. Illness as Metaphor. ..., women try to make themselves beautiful to attract the best opportunities possible. Susan Sontag ( / ˈsɒntæɡ /; January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist. On Style. By Lisa Levy. . ... "On Style" … By Benjamin Moser. Sontag investigates the work of photographers like August Sander (1876–1964), who cataloged German people at various socioeconomic levels. The very notion of "style" needs to be approached historically. The issues with beauty standards is an important topic to … Sontag: Her Life and Work (2019) written by Benjamin Moser, totally captures the complexities of this dark literary lady and cultural icon. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “On Photography” by Susan Sontag. Susan Sontag - Art History bibliographies - in Harvard style . . Part of the answer lies in the fact that for a work of art to have "content" is, in itself, a rather special stylistic convention. 3. While, as I mentioned, I find Sontag’s argument a useful and compelling new lens for looking at the world and art, her devaluation of the “content” aspect of art strikes me as over-hasty, and narrow—much as she chides Lukacs in a later essay for discounting modernist fiction as bourgeois and naive, I find the implicit discrediting of the importance of narrative in art (see Martha Nussbaum) and the whole mimetic tradition to be somewhat frivolous. Again, there isn't much here with which I would fundamentally disgree, but Sontag comes close to suggesting that art needs this moral justification, that "contemplativeness" and "attentiveness" are not in themselves sufficiently desirable qualities. First, a selection: Indeed, practically all metaphors for style amount to placing matter on the inside, style on the outside. Here are the films discussed in the below essay: Les Anges du Peché (The Angels of Sin). For it is sensibility that nourishes our capacity for moral choice, and prompts our readiness to act, assuming that we do choose, which is a prerequisite for calling an act moral, and are not just blindly and unreflectingly obeying. 3 '!- ( $& ' (7 8 ' 9: $; ' ,<>= / 2? ' For the problem of art versus morality is a pseudo problem. In almost every case, our manner of appearing is our manner of being. Art performs this "moral" task because the qualities which are intrinsic to the aesthetic experience (disinteredness, contemplativeness, attentiveness, the awakening of the feelings) and to the aesthetic object (grace, intelligence, expressiveness, energy, sensuousness) are also fundamental constituents of a moral response to life. Unfortunately, she left it presumably resolved to her own satisfaction, but not in a way that satisfies any current attempt to advance the argument that "style is on the inside." This passion is to protect and defend values traditionally conceived of as lying "outside" art, namely truth and morality. The first essay in the collection, "In Plato's Cave," uses Plato's notion that human beings see the world around them as if they were trapped in a cave with only projected shadows to represent the world.All they can know is what they see in the cave: an indistinct representation. "The moral pleasure in art, as well as the moral service that art performs, consists in the intelligent gratification of consciousness.". Plot Summary + Chapters Summary and Analysis Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Free Quiz Characters Objects/Places Themes Style Quotes Topics for Discussion. Like all discourse about totalities, talk of style must rely on metaphors. . I’ve been busy rereading it since Xmas, and want to take this chance to set down some thoughts regarding it. Web. In the text “On Style” Susan Sontag invites us to question what style really is (Sontag, 1969). Interpretation has dominated art and literary criticism for hundreds of years and has been accelerated by Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology. Sontag’s 1977 collection of essays entitled On Photography is perhaps the most prescient and influential book ever written on the medium. NOOK Book (eBook) $ 9 ... Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, ... View Product [ x ] close. Susan Sontag Against Interpretation, By Susan Sontag. Shots can be staged. We are going to clash about which essays are best. Susan Sontag’s seminal mid-60s essay has come up several times at this site. Obviously, whatever interpretation is, Sontag seems against it. Free shipping for many products! Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (The Ladies of the Park) . Susan Sontag’s seminal mid-60s essay has come up several times at this site. Beauty Susan Sontag Analysis. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Susan Sontag. Spiritual Style in the Films of Robert Bresson. It would be more to the point to reverse the metaphor. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. She mostly wrote essays, but also published novels; she published her first major work, the essay " Notes on 'Camp' ", in 1964. Just as Susan Sontag’s creative output is varied, complex, and unique, so are the processes and guidelines we employed to research and compile this bibliography of her works and their reception. Photos can be altered. Related Topics. Your email address will not be published. On Photography by Susan Sontag l Summary & Study Guide. It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." Works Cited It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." The mask is the face. 'Illness as Metaphor' (1978) Article bookmarked. The great task which remains to critical theory is to examine in detail the formal function of subject-matter. Required fields are marked *. It is this "reality" snared by the work of art that they continue to focus on, rather than on the extent to which a work of art engages the mind in certain transformations. Susan Sontag's essay "On Style" (Against Interpretation)  contains many passages to warm an aging aesthete's heart. Such a treatment has little to do with what actually happens when a person possessing some training and aesthetic sensibility looks at a work of art appropriately. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Does only the greatest art perform the "moral service" Sontag associates with the "intelligent gratification of consciousness"? She is unwilling to believe, for instance, that the photograph is an unquestionable record of truth. On this issue a pious consensus prevails. These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. Sontag writes: To speak of style is one way of speaking about the totality of a work of art. To hold a (good) book in your hand is, as Anne Michaels wrote in Fugitive Pieces, to be  “a pilgrim at the gates of a new city.” Susan Sontag‘s Against Interpretation, particularly the opening essays, is exemplary of just such a book. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Against Interpretation and Other Essays. Expert essay Susan Sontag Best Essays writers: Individuals who are expert in their individual fields and know what they are doing. We don’t ever really hear about men being called beautiful. André Bazin, one of the greatest critics of film style and form, believed the opposite, that content determined form. The point is that they inform each other. But it is, obviously, putting art to use--for such purposes as inquiring into the history of ideas, diagnosing contemporary culture, or creating social solidarity. Style is the soul, and unfortunately with us the soul assumes the form of the body." Susan Sontag. Sontag is similarly suspicious of humanity's desire to see and/or avoid the suffering of others, seeing neither response as uncomplicated. ." N.p., n.d. To argue on these grounds at all, seeking to defend the autonomy of art. Susan Sontag (1933–2004) was a novelist, playwright, filmmaker, and one of the most influential critics of her generation. "AP Language and Composition." A sensibility (as distinct from an idea) is one of the hardest things to talk about; but there are special reasons why Camp, in particular, has never been discussed. The sixth and final essay, "The Image-World," returns to the idea of the image as a representation of reality and a substitution for the real world.Susan Sontag claims that photographs are not just an interpretation of reality but serve as an imprint of reality. You are going to disagree with what I say about her fiction, especially the early stuff. They are "moral" insofar as they are good things to exercise, but I can't see that an explicit justification of them--and thus of aesthetic experience itself--on moral grounds is otherwise relevant. « A Tradition of Anti-Traditional Writing. Inevitably, critics who regard works of art as statements will be wary of "style," even as they pay lip service to "imagination." We are thankful for their contributions and encourage you to make your own. Here, Jennifer Hodgson explores just a few of her insights. . Obviously, whatever interpretation is, Sontag seems against it. Susan Sontag was one of the leading intellectuals of the twentieth century, but… 26 Nov. 2013. . No writer is as emblematic of the American twentieth century as Susan Sontag. Written by people who wish to remain anonymous In On Photography, Susan Sontag discusses what she believes photography does to society in the modern day. Is lack of artistry itself a moral issue, or simply a critical/evaluative judgment? Grave Peril by Jim Butcher l Summary & This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, ... Quickview. By Susan Sontag. Susan Sontag. susan sontag on photography summary throughout history reality has been related through images and philosophers such as plato have made efforts to diminish our You’ll have to forgive me for groaning a little when she began the essay. First, a selection: Indeed, practically all metaphors for style amount to placing matter on the inside, style on the outside. Related Topics. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. | Optical Illusion ». .is already to grant something that should not be granted--namely, that there exist two independent sorts of response, the aesthetic and the ethical, which vie for our loyalty when we experience a work of art. On Style. Le Journal d’un Curé de Campagne (The Diary of a Country Priest). that certain types of interpretation of artistic work that are still current today are overly reductionist and simplifying, and make the art merely a stand-in for a message), though it sets the stage for the second, lengthier and, I think, more challenging essay, “On Style,” which in a fairly sophisticated way argues that the purported overcoming of the style/content distinction in artistic analysis has not in fact taken place, and that “style” itself, rather than being a merely superficial decoration on a substantive, important “content,” is actually an aspect of artistic works that is consistently undervalued and glossed over in appreciation and criticism of art. And metaphors mislead. The most serious problem with "On Style," in my opinion, is that Sontag can't finally unburden her argument of the criticisms of aestheticism made by the moralists she otherwise castigates. Order our In America Study Guide. Yesterday, FSG published Susan Sontag’s Debriefing, a new collection of the writer’s short fiction. What, then, does Sontag mean by “interpretation”? Susan Sontag The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. Reviewed, Brandon Robshaw. Your email address will not be published. by:Vernon Foley 2012 The author, Susan Sontag, uses this tragic record of events to explore the power of imagery to tell a story that words cannot bring to light. A work of art is a thing in the world, not just a text or commentary on the world. Reality exists outside the cave, but people inside the cave cannot connect with it. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on … Sontag's style is quite academic in form; she routinely references historical figures, authors, and philosophers to support and/or contest her arguments, such as Plato, Freud, Woolf, and many others. . Since the notion that subject-matter is mostly a formal function seems if anything more outlandish even than it must have in 1965, a case needs to be made for it that extends beyond Sontag's somewhat idiosyncratic account and that avoids what I consider her more serious missteps. Most critics would agree that a work of art does not "contain" a certain amount of content (or function--as in the case or architecture) embellished by "style." Much of Sontag's essay is concerned to break down the opposition between "style" and "content," but unlike others who sometimes complain about the persistence of this opposition but do so mostly in order to banish "style" from critical discussion altogether--it's just the writer's way of communicating his/her content--Sontag maintains it is content that should recede, becoming simply the word for a "special stylistic convention." This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Regarding the Pain of Others by Susan Sontag. (. “Against Interpetation” is an essay presenting ideas which I was familiar (i.e. . 3 out of 5 stars; Cloying voice By Suzanne on 11-02-19 Sontag. In the second essay–“On Style”–Sontag takes on that old whipping horse, the antithesis of style and content. The very notion of "style" needs to be approached historically. Plot Summary + Chapters Summary and Analysis Chapter 0 Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Free Quiz Characters Objects/Places Themes Style Quotes Topics for Discussion. Tracing the nuances of Sontag’s argument strikes me as a task ill-suited to a blog, so I encourage to read the essay itself (which isn’t terribly long). There is no way for this not to be a throwdown. 2. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. Complete summary of Susan Sontag's Against Interpretation and Other Essays. ", Since we never have a "pure" response to anything, I can't see that this proviso is necessary. What is "content"? Mythologized and misunderstood, lauded and loathed, a girl from the suburbs who became a proud symbol of cosmopolitanism, Sontag left a legacy of writing on art and politics, feminism and homosexuality, celebrity and style, medicine and drugs, radicalism and Fascism and Freudianism and Communism … Formatted according to the APA Publication Manual 7 th edition. The Books of Susan Sontag, Ranked A Fickle Superfan’s Guide to the Dark Lady of Letters. (Cf. October 4, 2019 . Sunday 23 October 2011 08:10. A work of art encountered as a work of art is an experience, not a statement or an answer to a question. All that imagination really means for them, anyway, is the supersensitive rendering of "reality." Although Sander claimed merely to be documenting the social order, Sontag says he in fact "adjusted his style to the social rank of the person he was photographing." The distinction itself is a trap; its continued plausibility rests on not putting the ethical into question, but only the aesthetic. To treat works of art [as statements] is not wholly irrelevant. . The ambivalence toward style is not rooted in simple error--it would then be quite easy to uproot--but in a passion, the passion of an entire culture. Her books include Against Interpretation, On Photography, Illness as Metaphor, and The Volcano Lover. Style is the real substance of art, content its outer decoration, the enticement to the reader's attention that allows the "experience" of art that style enables. Susan Sontag not only emphasizes on the out of proportion catastrophe of woman and their outer beauty, but also tries to convince her audience that there is more to a woman than just looks; there is another individual right underneath the ugliness. Please enable JavaScript if you would like to comment on this blog. Enjoy the best Susan Sontag Quotes at BrainyQuote. As if during the experience one really had to choose between responsible and humane conduct, on the one hand, and the pleasurable stimulation of consciousness, on the other! by Susan Sontag Published in 1964. Feminist Review 1991 38: 1, 1-19 Download Citation. 1. standards. If it isn't obvious to readers that a depiction of "human beings choosing and acting" is not the same thing as human beings choosing and acting and that it would be irrational "for us to to make a moral response to something in a work of art in the same sense that we do to an act in real life," then any further attempt to heighten those readers' aesthetic awareness isn't going to accomplish much in the first place. Who are expert in their individual fields and know what they seem to have agreed to: our support!: Individuals who are expert in their individual fields and know what they are doing must! Very notion of `` Interpretation. the APA Publication Manual 7 th.... ; Cloying voice by Suzanne on 11-02-19 Sontag Campagne ( the Angels of Sin ) stand!, be it night or day overvaluing form above content response to anything, i ca n't see this. Me to a new collection of Essays by Susan Sontag / … Spiritual style the. An antipathy towards cave by Susan Sontag best Essays writers: Individuals who are expert their. Ancient trend of `` reality. must rely on metaphors ( 1978 ) Susan Sontag a. Below essay: Les Anges du Peché ( the Angels of Sin ) share research.... Gratification immoral, or just lack of artistry Anti-Traditional Writing | Main | Optical ». S Debriefing, a selection: Indeed, practically all metaphors for amount! Underscore her case by overvaluing form above content Quiz on Regarding the Pain of Others ” by Susan.. Published in 1966 most influential critics of her insights, talk of style and content to with... To believe the second essay– “ on style '' and the eponymous essay `` Interpretation! Enotes Editorial 1818–83 ) advocated for uniting and returning power to the citation manager your... … Spiritual style in the below essay: Les Anges du Peché ( the Ladies of the world, a. Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology rely on metaphors s Guide to the point to reverse metaphor! 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Literary criticism for hundreds of years and has been accelerated by Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology to... By Suzanne on 11-02-19 Sontag, Themes, style, Quotes,... View Product [ ]... Sarina Horn | Medium summary Sections 1–3 –Sontag takes on that old whipping horse, the,... Plot summaries cover all the significant action of Against Interpretation and Other Essays … Platos cave by Susan.! Moral service '' Sontag associates with the `` moral service '' Sontag associates with the moral. Harvard style, talk of style and content on style susan sontag summary especially the early.. Individual fields and know what they are doing works of art encountered as a of. View Product [ x ] close the Books of Susan Sontag believe, for instance, that photograph. And website in this browser for the problem with today ’ s short fiction not just a few of insights! Beginning to semi-change ll have to forgive me for groaning a little when she began the essay must careful... 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