Berkeley Castle has been a feature of the Gloucestershire countryside since the 11th Century. It is clear from those letters that Cromwell was continuing to oversee the visitations of the lesser monasteries, heralding the beginning of the end of the great monastic institutions in England. This once served as the privy gallery of the chapel. This he did, and the castle would remain the property of the Crown throughout the remainder of Henry VII’s reign and that of his son, King Henry VIII. Today, when you pass under the gatehouse of Berkeley Castle, you enter a single courtyard, with the early medieval keep on your left and the entire range of service and residential lodgings encircling the rest of the inner courtyard. Sadly, although virtually nothing remains of its early interiors, it does retain most of its original external features such as doors, arrow slits and windows even down to iron catches. Smyth, John. By now a remote cousin of the main line, in his career the Tudor Sir Maurice's initial advantage was his mother's second marriage to Sir John FitzJames, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 1526–1539. In its time, this kind of gallery would have been commonplace, allowing the highest status people in the house to hear Mass separately from the rest of the household. Before long it passed into the hands of the Berkeley family and was rebuilt by them in the 12th Century. His "Bruton branch" of the family produced a number of notable figures until the 18th century, including five Barons Berkeley of Stratton (extinct in 1773), and four Viscount Fitzhardinges (extinct in 1712), as well as William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia. This Sir Maurice, before being killed at the Siege of Calais in 1347, had acquired Stoke Gifford in 1337, and founded the line of Berkeley of Stoke Gifford. Viscount Berkeley was to receive a marquessate and the title of Earl Marshal of England (one of the premier offices of the land) while, in return, King Henry VIII would inherit Berkeley Castle upon the Marquis’ death. Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn & Elizabeth I all stayed here and Edward II was murdered here. Maurice de Berkeley born 27 May 1349 Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England died as a child. The Berkeley family descends in the male line from Robert Fitzharding (d.1170), 1st feudal baron of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, reputedly the son of Harding of Bristol, the son of Eadnoth the Constable (Alnod), a high official under King Edward the Confessor.. A wonderful wonderful place to visit The Berkeley family are obviously and rightly proud of their residence but it is great they open it up to everyone The castle … The basic design is of the motte-and-bailey construction typical of the Norman period. Berkeley Castle Berkeley Castle is a castle in the town of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom.The castle's origins date back to the 11th century, and it has been designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building.The castle has remained within the Berkeley family since they reconstructed it in the 12th century, except for a period of royal ownership by the Tudors. Berkeley Castle, the caput of the barony, and the adjoining town of Berkeley are located in the county of Gloucestershire and are situated about five miles west of Dursley and eighteen miles southwest of Gloucester, and northeast of Bristol. Typical of the period, when great halls were all the rage, the great hall at Berkeley is directly opposite the gatehouse entrance, entered by a porch. See more ideas about castle, berkeley, britain. The castle stayed in the possession of the “ de Berkeley’s” for 3 generations, all of whom were named “ Roger de Berkeley.” Remarkably, Berkeley Castle has belonged to the same family since its first incarnation in the 11 th century and is today, not haunted or horrifying in the slightest, but a popular location for weddings and other special events. The head of an historic family which owns the medieval Berkeley Castle where Edward II was brutally murdered with a red-hot poker has died aged 86. The Berkeley family is an aristocratic English family, nearly unique in English history in that it has to this day an unbroken male line of descent from a noble Anglo-Saxon ancestor before the Norman conquest of England in 1066 and also retains possession of much of the lands it held from the 11th and 12th centuries, centred on Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, which still belongs to the family.
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